Septic tank systems provide an efficient method of wastewater treatment, consisting of an impermeable concrete or fiberglass container designed to retain liquid waste such as effluent and solids settling to the bottom, creating sludge while oil and grease rise to the top as scum. Once filled, effluent exits through an outlet pipe into an absorption field for further treatment.
Dig the Hole
Septic tank installation should always be handled by an experienced professional; however, if you want to attempt it yourself there are several key considerations you need to keep in mind. First step in installation process should be digging hole and collecting soil samples for testing purposes.
An intimidating undertaking, yet achievable with the proper equipment and patience. A backhoe or similar digging machine will do the trick – they’re available for rent at most hardware stores and DIY stores. Before beginning digging, it would be beneficial to make a plan of your property and the area where you plan to install the septic tank; this will help ensure accurate measurements for a suitable hole size.
At this step, it is also vitally important that the tank be installed at an ideal height. Otherwise, sewage could flow back into your house, creating strong odors, ground movements which damage pipes, or even flooding in your basement.
Septic tanks must be situated five feet from any house, and at least 25 feet from any water and sewer lines. These requirements may be part of local or state permitting regulations; you should check with your health or environmental department for specifics.
As soon as your hole has been dug, check that it is clean and large enough for your tank and other components you wish to install. Fill it with gravel before covering it up with dirt from the hole itself.
Once your tank is in place, it’s time to connect everything. This includes connecting the drain field to the septic tank and connecting all this together with a lateral drain line extending out towards your leach field. Again this step should ideally be completed by an experienced professional; if possible though doing it yourself may save money.
Set the Tank
Septic systems are used to process and absorb waste from homes that do not connect to municipal sewer systems, typically consisting of a buried tank that treats waste with microbes digesting or digesting contaminants before it enters the soil. They may be constructed out of concrete, steel or plastic for maximum effectiveness. Septic tank/absorption field systems are the most frequently employed system that feature pump chambers and distribution boxes that pump effluent from the septic tank into drain fields at regular or timed intervals – providing maximum efficiency.
To ensure a properly sized septic system, it’s vitally important to calculate household waste flow rates. Factors like population density, water usage and appliance load will all have an impact on how much waste is produced daily. A tank that’s too small could experience overflow issues while one that’s too big may need regular pumping outs or cleaning services.
Location for septic systems must be chosen with care, taking soil testing into consideration as per local health department or government agency specifications. A septic tank will also need to be at an optimal elevation to allow gravity flow.
If the tank is located too low, it could become a mosquito breeding area or sinkhole. A suitable height for the septic tank would be equivalent to that of its plumbing stub-out or septic line stub.
Once the tank has been installed, it must be filled with either septic tank foam or sand to seal any leaks and prevent further contamination of the ground beneath. This helps ensure any possible further contamination from occurring.
While DIY septic tank installation can save money, this project should typically be left to professionals. Failing to provide this large-scale task with proper knowledge and equipment may lead to expensive damage which may not be repairable later. While homeowners can perform some pre-installation tasks such as soil tests or permit applications themselves, actual system installations should always be handled by professional companies.
Install the Pipes
Septic tanks act like miniature waste treatment plants that move household sewage to an area where it can decompose naturally, typically used in rural areas without public sewer access. Their installation requires special machinery to dig a hole for placement. A professional installer is recommended to ensure everything goes smoothly from permit application through installation of the tank and pipework laying.
Set out to find the appropriate size of septic tank that suits your home. Considerations include factors like population density; for example, a 6-bedroom home will likely need a larger system than two bedroom houses. Furthermore, your tank must be large enough to store an abundance of wastewater generated over an extended period of time.
Once you know the size and capacity of your tank, the next step should be deciding what kind of tank you want. There are various choices, ranging from fiberglass tanks to concrete and steel options; each offers different advantages and disadvantages. Working with an expert septic tank provider who can offer advice regarding which are the most appropriate choices for both property and budget is strongly encouraged.
Plastic tanks are the most cost-effective choice and lightweight option available, being less likely to crack, rust and be damaged by heavy vehicles like tractors and bulldozers. Most come with 10-year warranties. Concrete and steel tanks tend to be stronger and more robust but more difficult to install due to being heavier than plastic; depending on site conditions they might even need reinforcement for added support.
Select a licensed and insured installer for this project. Additionally, research third-party consumer reviews to make an informed choice when selecting an installer. Misplacement can result in costly repairs or even an environmental disaster; when installing a septic tank properly this should include conducting a soil percolation test; local health departments may have additional requirements regarding placement and excavation as part of this process.
Install the Leach Field
Your choice of septic system depends on multiple factors, including house size and population density. A two-bedroom house will need much smaller tanks than five bedroom houses with four baths – your installer can assist with finding an optimal tank size to meet your needs. Your location also plays a factor; systems optimized for use with rocky soil may not perform as effectively in sandy or loamy soil environments.
Size has an impactful cost effect for any septic system, and working with an experienced provider to find one suitable to meet the needs of your family without exceeding leach field capacity is highly advised. Furthermore, professionals will also be able to recommend suitable materials such as steel, fiberglass or reinforced concrete tanks as potential choices for you septic tank installations.
Your ideal septic tank location should be downhill from your house to take advantage of gravity and reduce installation costs. Furthermore, having it buried 10 feet underground makes this task more manageable.
A septic system consists of two primary elements: the septic tank and drainfield (or soil absorption field). The former serves as a buried, watertight container which holds wastewater until its solids settle to the bottom, forming sludge; oil and grease rise to the surface as scum while liquid waste exits through perforated pipes known as drainfields.
Installing or replacing an existing septic system is both feasible and expensive, with most costs related to installing and maintaining the drainfield being the major expense.
Some DIY homeowners attempt to install their septic systems themselves, which can be hazardous and expensive if done incorrectly. Professional installers are the only surefire way of guaranteeing your system is installed correctly; they understand local health district regulations and government guidelines which may affect your project and will conduct percolation tests which give them the data needed to plan your septic system correctly.